What is the callback function in javascript

Callback Functions

One of the most crucial ideas of JavaScript, a potent programming language used in web development, is callbacks. Callbacks are functions that are performed when an event or particular action takes place and are supplied as parameters to other functions.

Callbacks are functions that are run when a certain action or event takes place and are supplied as parameters to other functions. To put it another way, a callback function is one that receives a call from another function. Both within and outside of the function, the callback function can be specified and supplied to the function as an argument.

How Do Callbacks Work?

A callback function that is supplied as an argument when a function is called is not immediately run. Instead, it is put in a queue and only performed when the function has run its course. This denotes the asynchronous execution of the callback function.

Why Are Callbacks Important?

JavaScript needs callbacks because they enable non-blocking code execution. This implies that other code can run simultaneously while a function is being performed. The ability to execute code dynamically and flexibly through callbacks also makes it feasible to provide functions to other functions as arguments.

Types of callback function in javascript:

Synchronous Callbacks:
Synchronous callbacks start running right away and pause all other code execution until they are done. This indicates that synchronous callbacks will be executed in advance of a function’s return if it has any.

Asynchronous Callbacks

Asynchronous callbacks are put in a queue and performed once the function has completed running rather than being executed right away. This implies that while the callback is awaiting execution, more code may be run concurrently.

Using Callbacks in Practical Applications

In JavaScript, callbacks are frequently used to handle events like button clicks and page loads. In asynchronous programming, they are also used to manage the completion of operations that might take a while, such as using an API or reading a file.

Advantages of Callbacks:

  • Callbacks allow for non-blocking code execution
  • Callbacks allow for dynamic and flexible code execution
  • Callbacks can be used to handle events and asynchronous tasks

Disadvantages of Callbacks

  • Callbacks can lead to callback hell if not used properly
  • Callbacks can make code harder to read and debug
  • Callbacks can be prone to errors if not used carefully

Examples of callback function in javascript

1. Event handling

document.addEventListener('click', function() {
    console.log('The document was clicked.');

2. Asynchronous programming

function getUserData(callback) {
    setTimeout(function() {
            name: 'John',
            age: 30
    }, 1000);

getUserData(function(data) {

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